EFFECT OF ERGONOMIC EXERCISE ON PAIN SCALE REDUCE IN ELDERLY WITH HYPERTENSION
Hypertension is blood pressure of more than 140 mmHg for systolic and more than 90 mmHg for diastolic. Risk factors that cause hypertension include: age, for example 50-60 years, family history, unhealthy lifestyle (smoking, eating lots of fat-containing foods, lack of activity), gender, stress. The problem that occurs in the elderly with hypertension is acute pain. The leading nursing intervention that can be done for acute pain problems is to do ergonomic exercises. The purpose of this study was to describe the decrease in pain scale after nursing interventions were carried out by ergonomic exercise in elderly patients with hypertension. This type of research is descriptive using a case study approach. The subjects in this study were one elderly patient with hypertension, with the criteria of a patient who was still experiencing hypertension, a patient who was willing to be a respondent, and a patient who had never received ergonomic exercises. Data collection techniques were carried out using anamnesis, physical examination and observation. The analysis was carried out descriptively. The results showed the patient's pain scale before doing ergonomic exercises, namely pain scale 5 and after doing ergonomic exercises for 3 days, namely pain scale 2. Ergonomic exercise nursing interventions were carried out in the morning and evening in a span of 20-30 minutes. From the results of this study, after doing ergonomic exercises, it was found that there was a decrease in the pain scale from 5 (moderate pain scale) to 2 (mild pain scale). Ergonomic exercise can reduce pain in elderly people with hypertension.
Keywords: Ergonomic exercise, Elderly, Hypertension